His study of American national income began with statistics from 1869, encompassing a long-term approach that had never been attempted. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was educated at Columbia University, receiving a Ph.D. in 1926. The aim of this work is to study the Kuznets curve in order to examine whether the hypothesis on inequality and development that he posited in his 1955 article is verified or not when using the data at our disposal today; these data are more numerous, both for countries and periods available, than when Kuznets originally conducted his study. "Quantitative Aspects of the Economic Growth of Nations", 1963, Econ Dev & Cultural Change. Kuznets immigrated to the United States in 1922, 15 years after the arrival there of his father (who changed the family name to Smith, though the young Kuznets preferred the original name). "Relation Between Capital Goods and Finished Products in the Business Cycle", 1934, in Economic Essays in Honor of W.C.Mitchell. Kuznets insisted that economic data must include information on population structure, technology, the quality of labour, government structure, trade, and markets in order to provide an accurate model. Kuznets received the Nobel Prize for empirical work that led him to identify the nexus of modern economic development. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He was also known as the author of the Kuznets swing and Kuznets curve. Kuznets, Simon Smith, 1901-; usage: Simon Kuznets, Kuznets, Simon S. Kuznets) found : Wikipedia, Apr. Simon Kuznets, in full Simon Smith Kuznets, (born April 30 [April 17, Old Style], 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine]—died July 8, 1985, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.), Russian-born American economist and statistician who won the 1971 Nobel Prize for Economics, cited “for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into … Through this study Kuznets determined that per capita income rose by 15 percent or more each decade, which had been unheard of in precapitalist societies. A Nobel Prize laureate (1971) for his novel—and sometimes controversial—economic empirical research regarding national economic growth, Simon Kuznets’ early Jewish education in Czarist Russia and exposure to social and economic movements ranging from Marxian-socialism to free enterprise prompted meticulous studies of social and technological ramifications on economies. "Static and Dynamic Economics", 1930, AER. Simon Kuznets was a noted Russian-American economist, statistician, demographer, and economic historian, born into a well-to-do Jewish family in Belarus at the turn of the twentieth century. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden, and it was first awarded in 1969, more than 60 years after the distribution of the first Nobel Prizes. Although he started his college education at Kharkiv, he had to leave the country before he could earn his degrees. He broke convention by emphasizing, on the basis of the statistical series that he accumulated, how little of economic growth could actually be attributed to the accumulation of labour and capital. Simon Kuznets proposed that income inequality follows an inverted-U trajectory over the course of a country's economic development. The university has about 12 000 students (including 800 foreign students), 780 faculty members and offers training primarily structured around the new teaching architecture of the higher education. Although he started his college education at Kharkiv, he had … Apprenticeship is 2 years S.Kuznets KhNUE provides training of postdoctoral students according to Guidance for Training Postgraduate and Postdoctoral Students at Higher Educational Establishments (Scientific Institutions) adopted by the Decree of CMU №261 of 23 March 2016. "Schumpeter's Business Cycles", 1940, AER. The Kuznets curve is a hypothetical curve that graphs economic inequality against income per capita over the course of economic development (which was presumed to correlate with time). According to Kuznets, the epoch of âmodern economic growthâ began in northwestern Europe in the last half of the 18th century and later spread south and east, reaching Russia and Japan by the end of the 19th century. in National Product since 1869, Simon Kuznets, assisted by Lillian Epstein and Elizabeth Jenks Reproducible Wealth, Its Growth and Industrial Distribution, 1880–1939, and Index with Lillian Epstein, Elizabeth Jenks in 1945 サイモン・スミス・クズネッツ（Simon Smith Kuznets [kʊzˈnɛts, ˈkʌznɛts] 、ロシア語: Семён Абра мович Кузне ц 、1901年 4月30日 - 1985年 7月8日）は、1971年にノーベル経済学賞を受賞したアメリカ合衆国の経済学者・統計学者である。 Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. サイモン・スミス・クズネッツ（Simon Smith Kuznets [kʊzˈnɛts, ˈkʌznɛts]、ロシア語: Семён Абра́мович Кузне́ц、1901年4月30日 - 1985年7月8日）は、1971年にノーベル経済学賞を受賞したアメリカ合衆国の経済学者・統計学者である。1954年アメリカ経済学会会長。, ラグナル・フリッシュ / ヤン・ティンバーゲン (1969) - ポール・サミュエルソン (1970) - サイモン・クズネッツ (1971) - ジョン・ヒックス / ケネス・アロー (1972) - ワシリー・レオンチェフ (1973) - グンナー・ミュルダール / フリードリヒ・ハイエク (1974) - レオニート・カントロヴィチ / チャリング・クープマンス (1975), マーク・ブローグ 『ケインズ以後の100大経済学者-ノーベル賞に輝く人々』 同文舘出版、1994年、148頁。, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=サイモン・クズネッツ&oldid=78581990, その間、第2次世界大戦中の2年間は、アメリカ戦時生産局の計画ならびに統計局の副局長を務めた。, これらの「経済および社会の成長に関する構造および過程を深く洞察するための経済成長に関する理論を実証的手法を用いて構築した功績」が称えられ、. Kuznets looks at family units adjusted for family size, He wants to get a grasp of the entire income distribution rather than just segments of it, wherever possible he wants to leave aside cases where the primary earner in a family is either in school or retired, he wants to look at national income earned by individuals excluding capital gains, and he wants to try to infer trends in secular income … The Educational Gender Kuznets Curve!! "Modern Economic Growth: Findings and reflections", 1973, AER. Out of this work came an understanding of how to measure gross national product (GNP). Kuznets passed away on a Monday in early July 1985. The following year he joined the National Bureau of Economic Research, working with its founder, Wesley Mitchell. Simon Kuznets, in full Simon Smith Kuznets, (born April 30 [April 17, Old Style], 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine]âdied July 8, 1985, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.), Russian-born American economist and statistician who won the 1971 Nobel Prize for Economics, cited âfor his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development.â. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Simon Kuznets’s most popular book is The Economics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. Corrections? "Equilibrium Economics and Business Cycle Theory", 1930, QJE. "Economic Growth and Income Inequality", 1955, AER. Kuznets made a great contribution to economic history and economics as a science. NOW 50% OFF! Anna Kalmykova Austria area Research Consultant at Boyden Global Executive Search Human Resources Education Fachhochschule Technikum Wien 2011 — 2012 Master of Science (MSc), Management Information Systems, General Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics 2010 — 2011 Master of Business Administration (MBA), Management Information Systems, General Simon Kuznets … The approach that makes this research unique is … Simon Kuznets was an American economist, researcher, statistician and author of many scientific works, who won the Nobel Prize in 1971 for pioneering the use of a nation's gross national product to analyze economic growth. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Simon-Kuznets, History of Economic Thought - Simon Kuznets, NobelPrize.org - Autobiography of Simon Kuznets, The Library of Economics and Liberty - Biography of Simon Kuznets. Simon Kuznets: A Russian-American economist and statistician who won the 1971 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on … The New York Times ran his obituary the following Thursday, July 11, with the head-line: “Simon Kuznets Is Dead at 84; Nobel Laureate in Economics.” The obituary quoted Simon Kuznets has 33 books on Goodreads with 325 ratings. "Foreign Economic Relations of the United States and the Impact upon the Domestic Economy: Review of long term trends", 1948, Proceedings of American Philosophical Association. Author(s): Simon Kuznets (p. 1-12) More from NBER In addition to working papers , the NBER disseminates affiliates’ latest findings through a range of free periodicals — the NBER Reporter , the NBER Digest , the Bulletin on Retirement and Disability , and the Bulletin on Health — as well as online conference reports , video lectures , and interviews . Simon Kuznets was born in Pinsk in what is now Belarus, but he received his basic education in Kharkov in present-day Ukraine. Kuznets Curve or demand effects; and the commitment to globalization or policy effects. In all his research, Kuznets emphasized the complexity of fundamental economic data by stressing that reliable results can be derived only through large numbers of observations. Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (Ukrainian: Харківський національний економічний університет імені Семена Кузнеця) is the largest economic higher educational and research institution in Eastern Ukraine. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Updated: a day ago Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East all underwent 'an educational gender Kuznets curve'. Likewise, he criticized the limitations inherent in simple economic models based, for example, on one phase of historical experience. Kuznetsâs research set high standards for all similar studies that would follow. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Simon Kuznets was a noted Russian-American economist, statistician, demographer, and economic historian, born into a well-to-do Jewish family in Belarus at the turn of the twentieth century. Simon Kuznets received training in statistical and empirical methods. "National Income and Economic Welfare", 1949, Boletin Banco Central de Venezuela. Simon kuznets Kharkiv national university of economics is located in the heart of Ukraine Kharkiv which is the 2nd largest city in Ukraine after Kiev. 29, 2009: (Simon Kuznets; Simon Smith Kuznets (Apr. We also control for education supply, the so-called natural resource curse, and … "International Differences in Income Levels: Reflections on their causes", 1950, Boletin Banco Central de Venezuela. Simon Kuznets, who won the Nobel prize in economics in 1971 for his work on growth, put it best: there are four types of countries in the world—developed, undeveloped, Japan and Argentina. In 1922 the family emigrated to the U.S. Four years later he had earned bachelor's, master's and doctor's degrees at Columbia University. University is situated in the city center with great transpiration access from every corner of Kharkiv and with an underground metro station too called Naykova. Among the issues considered are his contribution to the 30, 1901-July 8, 1985) was an American economist at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania who won the 1971 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences) "Retardation of Industrial Growth", 1929, Journal of Economic and Business History. It was there that Kuznets developed his pioneering studies of U.S. national income and his more general work on economic time series, resulting in comprehensive studies of the economic growth of nations. His education at the college was interrupted when the Soviet Union took over Kharvik and interrupted university courses. Omissions? In 1920, he joined the Department of Labour of South Bureau of the Central Council of Trade Unions. 203 SIMON S. KUZNETS April 30, 1901–July 9, 1985 BY ROBERT W. FOGEL T HIS MEMOIR PRESENTS AN account of the scholarly career of Simon S. Kuznets. After his work with the federal government, Kuznets taught at the University of Pennsylvania (1930â54), Johns Hopkins University (1954â60), and Harvard University (1960â71). He also identified cyclic variations in growth rates (now called âKuznets cyclesâ) and linked them with underlying factors such as population. Ministries of Higher Education) that have the legal authority to officially accredit, charter, license or, more generally, recognize Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics as a whole (Institutional Accreditation or Recognition) or its specific programs/courses (Programmatic Accreditation). Important: the above section is intended to include only those reputable organizations (e.g. 1937: Simon Kuznets, an economist at the National Bureau of Economic Research, presents the original formulation of gross domestic product in his report to … Updates? Although not technically a Nobel Prize, the Prize inâ¦. "National Income and Industrial Structure", 1951, Proceedings of International Statistics Conf.
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